Idioms and Idiomatic Expressions by Katig.Com
An idiom, also known as idiomatic expression, is a phrase or
sentence, whose meaning is completely different from the
literal meaning of the words comprising the idiom or idiomatic
expression. However idioms and idiomatic expressions have
become widely used because they convey clear and
meaningful messages in very few words that would otherwise
be lengthy to explain in non-idiomatic manner. Idioms are
previously considered informal expressions but because of
their widespread use idiomatic expressions have found
acceptance in formal communications as well.

Here are examples of idioms and the meaning behind these
idiomatic expressions:

Babe in the woods
– an inexperienced or naïve person. Benjie might
be an expert mason but he is still a babe in the woods when it comes
to carpentry.

Back to square one – To start again at the beginning (as in a board
game.)  The proposal was rejected by the customer so the vendor was
back to square one.

Back to the drawing board  -  To start and try another plan or course of
action when the first one did not work out as expected. The customer
was not happy with the building plan so the engineering consultant
was back to square one.

Bad blood – feeling of animosity between two persons or among a
group of people. There is bad blood between the two families.

Bad-mouth someone – to say unpleasant or bad things about
someone. Leo and Tess are bad-mouthing each other since their
relationship broke up.

Bait and switch - a deceptive practice of advertising a product to make
people to go to the store but once inside the store the customer is
enticed to buy a more expensive item. The saleslady told me that the
advertised cell phone is sold out but I think the item was just a bait and

Bark up the wrong tree – to ask or argue with the wrong person.
Nothing will come out of your complain because you’re barking up the
wrong tree.

Cast the first stone -  to be the first one to criticize or accuse. The
crowd burst into sudden uproar when the thief was caught that it was
hard to tell who cast the first stone.

Catch someone red-handed – to catch someone in the act of doing
something wrong that one cannot deny doing it. The barangay tanod
caught the pick-pocket red-handed.

Catch someone’s eye – to have eye contact with someone or to attract
someone’s attention. The lady in red dress caught someone’s eye at
the party.

Come what may – no matter what may happen, or what the
consequence may be. I’m not joining your game, come what may.

Come with the territory – to be expected to happen under the
circumstances. The heckling by some people in the audience comes
with the territory when you are a politician.

Commit something to memory – to memorize something. I didn’t have
a pen and paper at that time so I have to commit to my memory her
phone number.

Cool it! – to calm down or to pacify. Tell the guys in the audience to cool
it and stop heckling the speaker.

Dog-eat-dog – a situation in which someone has to act ruthlessly to
survive or get ahead of other people. It’s a dog-eat-dog in the world of
politics when election time comes.
Go to next page for more idioms and idiomatic expressions:

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