Crisanto Evangelista established the Communist Party of the Philippines on
August 27, 1930. The party merged later with the Socialist Party of Pedro Abad
Santos. Both parties composed the Hukbalahap movement during the Second
World War. Eventually the Hukbalahap was declared illegal by the government.
The Rizal Monument built in honor of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, the Philippine national
hero, was inaugurated in December 29, 1930 at Luneta in Manila. Luneta,
re-named later as Rizal Park, has been a tourist attraction up to the present
The Sakdalista movement, an underground socialist reform movement, was
founded by Benigno Ramos in 1930. The movement , whose members were
mostly peasants, advocated tax reduction, land reform, and the severing of
American ties. The Sakdalista organized as a political party in 1933 and joined
the 1934 elections performing surprisingly well. They did surprisingly well in
the Philippine election of 1934 and were thus encouraged to attempt an
uprising the following year.
On the night of May 2, partially armed mobs seized municipal buildings in 14
towns. The uprising was crushed the next day, with the loss of about 100 lives.
Ramos fled to Tokyo and the Sakdalistas were nearly disbanded, and rural
conditions remained a source of frustration and dissension and led to
numerous other such peasant rebellions. But Benigno Ramos drew support to
Japan, until he returned during the Japanese Occupied Philippines. Its
remnants became the right wing Japanese collaborationist Ganap Party, led by
the same leader.