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History 5
Post-Revolutionary Era (1900-   )


page 1 of 2

1900
American President McKinley sent William Howard Taft  to the country to head the
Philippine Commission. His task was to form a civil government in a country
besieged by the Spanish-American War, and the rebellion led by General Emilio
Aguinaldo.

1901
General Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by American forces in Palanan, Isabela
on March 23, 1901. The American colonial government considered this the end of
the Revolution.

William Howard Taft, became the first American civil governor of the Philippines
and served his post from 1901 to 1903.

The Philippine Commission passed Act 74 providing for the public education
system, which includes the use of English as the medium of instruction, free
primary education and a normal school for the training of teachers.

The Thomasites arrived in the Philippines to serve as teachers. The normal
school on Taft Avenue in Manila is now known as the Philippine Normal University.

The American colonial government passed Act 292, known as the anti-sedition
law, on October 1, 1901 to quell the increasing armed nationalist sentiments
during the period.

The Americans abolished the autonomous "Cantonal Republic of Negros" and
made Negros a regular province on April 30, 1901.

1902
This first labor federation in the country, Union Obrero Democratica de Filipinas,  
was founded at Teatro Variedades in Sampaloc, Manila. Isabelo de los Reyes
served as president and Hermenigildo Cruz as secretary. The organization
spearheaded the first Labor Day celebration the following year.

Establishment of civil government. July 2, 1902. The US Congress signed the
Cooper Bill that provided for the establishment of a civil government in the
Philippines.

Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Philippine Independent Church). August 3, 1902.
The first Filipino church independent of Rome to be established with Gregorio
Aglipay as the first bishop. It was a result of the disparagement and prejudice felt
by nationalistic priests.

1903
Manila Electric Railway and Light Company (Meralco) was granted a government
franchise ,on March 24, 1903, to supply Manila and its environs with electricity and
electric street-railway system.

The first Labor Day rally in the Philippines was organized by the Union Obrero
Democratica de Filipinas on May 1, 1903. Thousands of participants marched to
Malacanang Palace to demand for the improvement of their working conditions.

The Pensionado Law, Act 854, was passed on August 27, 1903. It provided
scholarship to Filipino to study in universities in the United States and, in their
return to the Philippines, to serve in various fields, including in government service.

1905
The Philippine Constabulary School was established at the Santa Lucia Barracks
in Intramuros, Manila in February 19, 1905. It was transferred to Baguio City in
1908 as the Philippine Military Academy (PMA). The PMA becomes the country's
top military school.

1906
The government put into place the provincial telephone system.

Continued on next page
Historical events

Early history
Ferdinand Magellan's expedition of 1521
Spanish colonization
Spanish-American war
Post-war era
The socialist  movement
Philippine Commonwealth (1933-1937)
Japanese occupation (1941-1945)
Post-Japanese occupation (1945-1956
Peace time era (1957-1965)
Ferdinand Marcos regime (1965-1986)
Return of democracy (1987 to present)